Power supplies are an essential component of any electrical system, providing the necessary voltage and current to power the circuit. There are three main types of power supplies: linearly regulated, unregulated, and switching. Ripple-regulated power supplies are a newer form of power supply.
AC and DC power supplies are available, with the voltage adjustable using knobs or switches.
Inside the power supply, components such as a transformer, rectifier diodes, filters, and voltage regulator diodes or transistors work together to provide the correct voltage and current to the circuit.
No matter the type of power supply, they are all designed to provide the necessary voltage and current to power the circuit. With the right power supply, any circuit can be powered efficiently and safely.